The influence and fame of this woman were so great during her life that after her death, the Irsh monks tried to destroy the traces of her grave, fearing that the memory of her recalcitrant and rebellious character and after her death would stir the souls and hearts of the Irish and urge them not to put up with the English colonization and rise to rebellion ...The name of this outstanding Irish - Grace O'Malley -- Grace O'Malie, who remained in the memory of her people as “Granuaile”, which translated from Irish meant “short-cropped hair” .
When Women are Stronger Than Men
In the Middle Ages, people acquired wealth in different ways. War and enslavement of other nations were and remain the most common means of enrichment on land, which did not disappear in the 21st century. But if piracy, as a type of predatory and predatory activities for the purpose of gaining and ruling over the sea, has practically died today, then in the distant Middle Ages no less fierce battles were fought for power and redistribution of the sea, and land, and for possession pirate crown.
The Castle belonged to Grace O'Malley
Grace was not born in 1530 in just a rich and distinguished Irish family, it was a very influential clan that reigned supreme on the west coast of Ireland, and Grace's father was its leader. The men of this clan were sailors and traded with many countries, the clan also collected duty from local fishermen, as if part of the sea belonged to this family. Grace's mother came out of the same clan, and so the big family multiplied its capital by building several castles on the coast.
It was during the reign of English King Henry VII, and during his reign Ireland and the English lords living in the country were for the most part left to themselves.
Grace O'Malley - seen by modern painter
As a little girl, Grace asked her father to take her on a trade trip to Spain, to which her father replied that she could not take her because of her long hair, which got entangled in ship gear. Grace cut her hair, and the nickname "Granuaile" stuck to her for the rest of her life. Born into a noble Irish family, Grace, as historians believe, received a certain elementary education, and by virtue of her exceptional natural talents, she learned to speak many languages, including both Latin and its universities, the sea, the ships of the father, and life itself, for the sailor’s daughter had to travel a great deal.
At the age of 16, Grace married Donal O'Flaherty, Donal O'Flagerty, heir to vast lands, and this marriage became a more political alliance between two rich clans to oppose the British. Grace's father hoped over time to own lands in the place of Conamara Conamar, which again would expand his clan's possessions as a result of his marriage to his daughter.
Grace learned her trading and sea business from her father and, at a young age, began to help him.
Grace's husband was killed in battle, and as his widow, Grace was legally entitled to a share of his alliance with the O'Flaherty clan, but sitting idly in the role of a good widow and bringing up his three children was not in her character. Grace returned to her clan and married for the second time, while pursuing a very specific goal - she herself initiated the second marriage to strengthen her position at sea and increase her possessions.
Richard Burke, nicknamed as "Iron Richard", among other estates and capital from production with iron, owned and strategically located in the convenient Newport Bay castle "Rockfleet" - the current city of Newport in the West of Ireland - where the harbor was built, and where the Grace ships could hide from the persecution of the British.
Such a voluntary union between her and Richard Burke was made exactly and only for a year (there was a similar law in Ireland at the time) and according to this applicable law, Grace said words that were enough to end this marriage - "Richard, I will let you go ", but Richard followed Grace for many more years, and in this marriage they had a son, who later the British granted the title of Lord . After the death of her first husband, Grace led the robbery in the Galway-Galway area, as the British imposed a duty on all vessels that come to Ireland to trade. She stopped foreign vessels for various purposes at sea and demanded ransom in cash or merchandise, and after successful raids took refuge in numerous bays from the persecution of the British. Grace's life was rich in battles at sea, she multiplied the property and her clan, and for her children as well, but at the end of the 16th century the influence of the British in Ireland grew stronger, and her power and ability to grow rich was greatly diminished. Her two sons and half-brother were captured by the British, and in this connection in 1693 the meeting of the English Queen Elizabeth I and Grace took place.
Contrary to court etiquette, Grace did not bow to the Queen of England, since she did not consider her Queen of Ireland, moreover - Grace behaved as befitted the Queen of the Seas, and the two women did not speak English, not Irish, but Latin.
During this meeting of two strong women and almost equal in social status and fact of their noble birth in their countries, Grace did not miss the chance to show the Queen of England her character and will. Talking to the queen, Grace sneezed, and the queen politely extended a lace handkerchief of expensive fabric to her guest. The front-runners left records of this meeting - Grace used her handkerchief as intended and threw it into the nearest fireplace, which caused shock to all Her Majesty's courtiers, the act and behavior of the Irish leader of the pirates and the rebels were regarded as rudeness and direct disrespect for the queen, Grace is calm She noticed that in her native Ireland, the headscarf would have been considered dirty and it is not appropriate for them to use anymore.
I think it is useful to explain here that in relation to the Irish people the derogatory adjective “dirty” was constantly used, which means “dirty”,
("dirty Irish"), and Grace, I think, did not miss the great opportunity to return this unflattering epithet personally to the Queen of England, saying that her handkerchief is now "dirty".
In response to Grace’s request to release her family, Elizabeth I demanded that she stop supporting the Irish rebels, Grace was forced to accept this condition. A list of Elizabeth’s specific requirements for Grace and her clan was compiled. For some time, Grace kept her word given to the Queen of England, but seeing how the British seized her possessions, again took the path of piracy, which for her in those conditions of colonization of her native Ireland was the only possible and fair for such a noble woman she was upon her birth.
Grace died in 1603, the same year as Elizabeth I, who did a lot to reduce Grace’s influence both at sea and in her native Ireland.
Probably not a single woman in the whole world evokes such a natural curiosity of the most diverse researchers of her life as Grace O'Malley ... Really, friends, you should open a page on the Internet to see the number of theatrical performances, written books, biographical research , poems and other works not only in her homeland, dedicated to this in every sense of the extraordinary and outstanding daughter of Ireland, which for 20 years after her death the British called the Queen of Irish Pirates and Rebels, and because of fear of influence and Before her death, Grace’s tomb was deliberately erased by the British, and her burial place was left neither for her descendants nor for all those who would like to worship the legendary Irish girl who left her history.
"The Pirate Queen "Granuaile"...